What does a Cat Flea Look Like
Cat Fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, are wingless flattened insects. Adult cat fleas can range in colour from quite light reddish brown to quite dark almost black. It is likely fleas adapt to the colour of their hosts.
Cat fleas are great athletes with huge back legs well suited to jumping. Leaps of over a meter have been reported but most fleas leaps will not exceed the height of a cat, under a foot.
Because fleas are flattened and their body hard and slippery, they easily move between hairs, or clothing, helped by their backwards pointing bristles. Anyone chasing a flea in a cat knows how agile and quick they can be. This also allows the flea to move quickly in carpets or bedding.
Although cat fleas are quite small. 1-3 millimeters, they can easily be seen. The best place to look for them is at the base of the cat's tail, between the legs on the belly and in spots that are hard for the cat to reach.
The adult cat flea is only one of the forms a flea can take. If you have adult fleas you most certainly have flea eggs, flea larvae, flea dirt, and flea pupa.
What does a Cat Flea Egg Look Like?
After a blood meal female fleas will lay eggs. Cat flea eggs look like translucent oval dots. The flea eggs are about .5 mm long.
Knowing what a cat flea egg looks like does not mean you are likely to see them. Because they quickly dry after being laid on the cat, they become slippery and harder and fall out of the cat's fur. The best place to look for flea eggs is in the cat's bed and in places the cat likes to sleep. If your cat has a large infestation then looking with a magnifier at the base of the tail, or on the belly might be useful.
If there is flea dirt in the cat's bed then it's likely there are eggs mixed in. The flea dirt will be dark, the eggs will have a whitish appearance.
Cat flea eggs quickly hatch into a flea Larva after 2 days to 2 weeks, depending on conditions. What do cat flea larva look like?
What do Cat Flea Larva Look Like?
Cat Flea Larva are translucent wormlike creatures about 3 mm long, with small bristles.
The larva will have dark stuff inside. Although photographs of flea larva makes then look like they are reddish when they are back lit, they usually look transparent with blackish stuff inside. The Larvae are active and don't like light. They will move away quite fast and burrow into the bedding.
The cat flea larva eats cat dirt (adult flea poo) and other organic matter. Since this is essentially cat blood it is reddish and if you can shine a bright light behind the larva its appearance will be reddish.
After about 2 weeks, the larva transforms itself again and spins a cocoon and pupates. What does a cat flea pupa look like you ask?
What does a cat flea pupa look like?
Flea pupa are more difficult to see or rather more difficult to recognize. The flea cocoon is sticky and dust and dirt will stick to it. It is about 3-4 mm across. The pupating flea looks just like a piece of dust. If you can see eggs or flea larvae then most likely you can also see flea pupae. You just don't know that's what you are seeing because its appearance is just like the debris around it.
University of Florida has photo of Cat flea Pupae in their article on flea life cycle.
Although you will not see pupae easily you will see flea dirt. What does flea dirt look like?
What does flea dirt look like?
Flea dirt makes a rich food source for cat flea larva. It can be found on the cat or in the bedding. It looks like little black dots. Sometimes the flea dirt will be elongated and curved.
An easy way of figuring out if it is flea dirt is to shake some of the dirt on a piece of paper towel and wet it. If it's flea dirt, it will go red because of the blood content.
Finding flea dirt is probably the easiest way of being sure your cat has fleas. Just sit your cat on a piece of newspaper and ruffle his fur. Then take a damp paper towel and mop up anything that came off the cat. Flea dirt will turn red when wet.
My page on How to kill and control fleas on cat There are effective ways of killing fleas and getting rid of larva and flea eggs.
The photos come mostly from Wikipedia, the flea dirt is Dr.Zak's picture from Wikipedia.
This article is provided for information only. It is not to be used instead of consulting a VET. If your kitty is sick get some help.